Ankara travel guide
Located in central Turkey, in the plateau of Anatolia, Ankara is the young capital of Turkey. It now has almost 3 million inhabitants with a high population of young people. Among the vestiges of its past, the ancient city has preserved Byzantine fortress, raised on a hill overlooking the town, and the ruins of Roman buildings. But it must be said Ankara is a great base for cultural tourism; the goal of pilgrimages to visit Ankara is the mausoleum of Ataturk, the founder of the Turkish Republic, and the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations, which houses a collection of prehistoric art in the world. But also the Ethnographic Museum is worth visiting where you can find the exhibitions of rare examples of traditional Turkish arts from various regions of Anatolia.
The most visited monument in Ankara is the mausoleum of Ataturk, the founding father of the Turkish Republic. The construction of this building, the look of the ancient temple, started in 1944 and ended nine years later.
The capital of Turkey has kept its old Byzantine citadel. Two walls, with two dozen watchtowers, protected the citadel are still visible today. A stroll through its streets will be a very pleasant one.
The city also has some remains of the Roman era. Lovers of old stones can still see the ruins of a temple dedicated to Augustus and the Baths.
Finally, nothing prevents you from doing a tour in the modern districts to the south of the city. But no scenery as the key buildings and stores are resolutely western.
History of Ankara
In Ankara region you will find traces of houses dating from the Bronze Age. But it is true that the first inhabitants were the Hittites 2000 years ago before our era, and that the city was founded by the Phrygians in the eighth century BC, under the name Ancyra.
The Persians, the Macedonian king Alexander the Great and the Galatians (Celtic people) take turns in the city. In 25 BC, the Romans took the reins of the city. The emperor Augustus built a temple in his name. Ancyra knows a period of prosperity through trade.
In the fourth century, Christianity was developed after the passage of Saint Paul. Ankara hosts two important Councils at that time. From the seventh to the eleventh century, the city fell under the domination of the Persians, Arabs, Byzantines and which provide a brief period of peace. After an interlude Seljuk and Mongol, Ankara undergoes the Ottoman invasion in 1356. During the War of Ankara in 1402, Sultan Beyazit is conquered by Tamerlane. The Ottomans take over the city twelve years later, for a period of four centuries.
In the nineteenth century, Ankara became famous for its production of wool from the Angora goat. This is where the name of the city came from – from Angora!
The city appears gloriously in history when Mustafa Kemal Ataturk settled here in 1919 and led the fight for independence. To mark a break with the Ottoman dynasty, he has chosen as its capital in place of Istanbul in 1923. Ankara then modernizes and continues to grow. The rural exodus leads many people in the region to settle there.